The Men Who Taught India: A Study of the Indian Educational Services, 1864-1924

Gilbert, Irene A.

     The focus of this study is on the dual role of the British educational service professors: They were both to set the standards of professional practice for the members of their own profession as well as to create an indigenous modern professional elite, its members intellectually and morally prepared to assume the highest positions in the administrative and legal structure the British would allow them. The second part of the study analyzes the organization of the educational service as a government department. The third part attributes the failure of the teaching members of the educational service to diffuse the standards of their profession among the rising academic profession in India to both the organization of the university and educational ideals shared by Victorian Englishmen. Finally, the study concludes that the service structure was an inappropriate one for the bringing of the modern academic profession to India. Both its weaknesses and early abolition left in their wake, a profession which is today characterized by its members' concern with bureaucratic rights, standing rather than achievement, and resentful submission to authority. But however limited the influence of its members in the wider educational sphere, their influence in the government colleges was great, and their contribution to the modernization of India in the creating of a modern elite, profound.

Lloyd Rudolph (chair), Edward Shils, Bernard Cohn, Paul Peterson