The Historical Syntax of the Conjunctive Participial Phrase in the New Indo-Aryan Dialects of the Madhyadesa (

Dwarikesh, Dwarika Prasad Sharma

     The scope of this study is the historical syntax of the conjunctive participial phrase in the New Indo-Aryan dialects of Madhyadesa 'Midland,' now popularly known as 'Western Hindi.' Our original intention was to discuss imperfective and perfective participial phrases fully as well, but the material on the conjunctive participial phrase (hereafter CPP) turned out to be richer and more complex than anticipated, so the bulk of the thesis is concerned with the analysis of CPP, and only one chapter presents comparative and contrastive data on the other two participles, especially on the frequency.
     The present study deals with the general description of CPP, focusing itself on the following problems in particular: (1) the semantic-syntactic features of CPP in NIA [New Indo-Aryan] in general and in the NIA of Midland in particular as compared with the similar -- or analogous -- phenomenon in pre-NIA. (2) A study of the syntax of CPP in the NIA of Midland both historically and -- to some degree -- geographically; in other words, dialectical characteristics of CPP in NIA, both early and contemporary. (3) Functional variations of CPP . . . (4) The relationship of the analyses of CPP to other grammatical problems . . . (5) On the basis of semantic-syntactic features, the categorization of verbs used as both finite and non-finite. (6) Various orders in which a CPP can occur in a sentence, and the semantic changes a sentence can account for. (7) A general survey of verbs -- or types of verbs -- that cannot form CPP. (8) The frequency of the occurrence of CPP and the examination of various factors that increase or decrease the frequency, e.g., substitution, Sanskritization/Perso-Arabicization.

Norman Zide