Trends and Differentials in Marital Fertility in Misamis Oriental Province, the Philippines

Costello, Michael Anthony

     The central problem of the . . . dissertation has been the investigation of socioeconomic differences in fertility in the province of Misamis Oriental, the Philippines." " Using data from a 'dual records' program in the medium-sized city of Cagayan de Oro, it analyzes trends in marital fertility in the city as well as in a rural area located in the same province. An investigation of fertility differentials is also made with particular attention being given to the effect of education and occupation upon fertility. A number of different fertility measures are used in an attempt to assess patterns of both cumulative and current fertility." The study's second chapter "reviews the relevant literature in the field, summarizes earlier studies dealing with differential fertility and points out some of the problematic issues and policy implications of the field. The following chapter . . . then give[s] further details on the setting of the study and the data to be analyzed," along with "an introduction to the methods of analysis to be employed." The next three chapters "present the major empirical findings, as derived from the three major methods of fertility analysis used by the study. These measures, all designed to shed light on a different facet of the problem at hand are, first, the analysis of the average number of children ever born per family in each subgroup; second, an analysis of fertility rates over the preceding ten-year period by means of a modified version of the 'own children' methodology." The third method is that of the "Brass Methodology." The final chapter "has three purposes: to summarize the findings of the study, to point out some of the more important policy implications of these findings, and to indicate some problems for future research that are suggested by the study. Finally, an appendix sets forth some measures of the reliability and validity of the data."
     The study "represents a secondary analysis of data collected by an experimental 'PopLab' program operated by the Mindanao Center for Population Studies (MCPS), Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro City, the Philippines. . . . The data to be analyzed in the present study were collected in two different locales in the province of Misamis Oriental. The first of these refers to a sample of enumeration districts within the city of Cagayan de Oro proper while the second is a sample of enumeration areas in a rural region situated about forty kilometers west of Cagayan de Oro.