Impact of Industrialization on the Changing Working Life Pattern of the Indian Labour Force

Bagchi, Sourendra Nath

     The study investigates the patterns of the working force within a developing country with regard to its specific regions passing through different stages of industrial development. . . . It is hypothesized that even within a country which is emerging from its traditional economy, . . . a general trend is discernible in respect of specified regions passing through different stages of industrial development. The study tests this hypothesis through the use of 1961 Indian Census data. In view of significant conceptual differences between the 1951 and 1961 Indian Census economic data, and also due to nonavailability of relevant statistics in the 1951 Census, only cross-sectional analysis of the 1961 participation rates and other manpower statistics relating to specified regions undergoing various stages of industrial development, has been attempted in this report. . . With the principal focus on the Indian labor force, the scope of this study has further been confined to selected demographic aspects of the labor force, namely, variation in age structure, changing life table functions and their combined impact on the trend in age specific activity rates, and the working life of labor force. Construction and comparison of region tables of economically active life for illustrating the working hypothesis of this dissertation, have been attempted only in respect to male workers. The study's objective is mainly to establish the trends in relation to regions undergoing varying phases of economic development.

Philip M. Hauser, Evelyn M. Kitagawa