The Philippines in the Sixteenth Century

Ausejo, Luz Utzurrum

     The dissertation seeks answer the following questions, and, by doing so, to be able to draw a picture of pre-conquest Philippine society: Who were [the] inhabitants of Cebu and the surrounding region who were gradually subjected to Spanish rule by Legazpi and his warriors? How did they appear to their conquerors from Europe and America? How were they organized for corporate action? What relations existed among these numerous islands and regions that became the Southeast Asian colony of Philip II? What did these natives of the Filipinas know of the larger world around them -- the peoples of mainland Asia and of the island world outside their own archipelago? How did movements like Islam . . . fare in the Philippines? How was life sustained? What beliefs directed the natives' lives? Who or what held their allegiance? What were their most important activities? What products resulted from these activities? How were these valued?
     Once a general grasp of the nature of pre-conquest Philippine society is achieved, this study endeavors to discover how native society was influenced by the introduction of Spanish rule and the continuation of Spanish presence. We . . . take this study to the end of the sixteenth century, through the first three-and-one-half decades of Spanish domination. . . . We . . . examine, too, in this study Spain's view of the function and role of the Philippines in the context of its program in the larger region of East and Southeast Asia.
     A sketch of the pre-conquest Philippines; an account of the foundation, extension and maintenance of Spanish power in Southeast Asia; an inquiry into the character of Spanish administration and its impact on the Philippine scene in the sixteenth century; an examination of the nature and results of the encounter between the Spanish and Philippine peoples -- this is what we attempt in this study.

Donald Lach (chair), Fred Eggan