The Presidential Leadership of Theodore Roosevelt in Philippine Policy

Alfonso, Oscar M.

     This dissertation is a study of the role of Theodore Roosevelt in the formulation of Philippine policy from 1907 to 1909. Particular focus . . . [is] on: (1) the influences which likely had a direct or personal effect on the President; (2) the development of presidential attitude on the question of Philippine independence; and (3) an assessment of the role of the President in relation to Congress and public opinion. The emphasis [is] on the President qua official and person. This study [seeks] to discover why the President decided to act the way he did in particular instances. Answers [are] sought to certain questions. How knowledgeable was the President about Philippine matters? Did he have any prejudices or preconceptions? What factors, persons or circumstances influenced his attitudes or ideas? What were his sources of information? Did he take Filipino views into consideration? Did his personality or background make some difference in the way he approached Philippine questions? . . . Did he have the intellectual vitality to lead Congress and the American people to make an adjustment to the new role of a colonial administrator? . . . Did the President add to, or detract from, presidential power? How were his relations with Congress? Could he focus public support on Congress in the resolution of Philippine problems? Or was he dominated by Congress? Did he lead the public? Did he use the While House as a pulpit? The study also includes a chapter on Roosevelt and Catholicism.

Walter Johnson, John Hope Franklin, Donald Lach