Social, Psychological, and Familial Correlates of Contraceptive Use in Pakistan

Aghai, Mohammed Ahmad

     This study is an exploratory investigation of social, psychological, and familial factors that stand in a causal relationship to the adoption of contraception by couples in a developing nation - Pakistan. The study has been based on the data from the National Family Planning Impact Survey, conducted in the country (Pakistan -- formerly West Pakistan) during 1968-69. The Impact Survey was an evaluation and research project in design, and was national in character.
     In addition to examining the effect of the selected . . . variables on fertility intentions . . ., as demonstrated by positive family planning attitudes and use of contraception by the survey population, attempts will also be made to find answers to the following questions: (1) What was the extent of family planning awareness and knowledge of family planning methods? . . . . (2) What are the most effective channels of family planning information? . . . . (3) What were the people's attitudes toward family planning? . . . . (4) What were the characteristics of contraceptive users? . . . . (5) Would those high on mass media exposure and husband-wife communication about family planning also be high on knowledge, attitude, and use of contraception? The study ends with a review of the findings in the light of available fertility theories and relates these to Bogue's model of adoption. An attempt has also been made to discuss some of the implications of these findings.

Philip M. Hauser, Jeanne C. Sinquefield